After 40 days finally the Chandrayaan 3 has made a soft landing at the South Pole of the moon. With this India has created history by becoming the 1st country in the world to successfully land at the south pole of the moon & 4th in the world after USSR (now Russia), USA, China to land on the moon. It was a proud moment for all of us and we congratulate our scientist and all the people who are behind this.
The Chandrayaan 3 has touched the moon at 6:04pm on 23 August, 2023 and has taken off from Sriharikota on 14th July 2023.. The Chandrayaan 3 in Sanskrit means “moon vehicle”. So in this article we will get to know about the 10 amazing facts about the Chandrayaan 3 which we all should know about.
So let’s know the 10 amazing facts about the Chandrayaan 3
1)- The Chandrayaan 3 is the next mission after the Chandrayaan 2 (Chandrayaan 2 was launched on 2019, but due to some software issues, we lost all the communication with the craft just few minutes before it was about to land). The Chandrayaan 3 consist of a Lander & a Rover. These has been launched by the rocket known as LVM3 from SDSC SHAR, Sriharikota.
2)- The crafts weighs more than 3900 kg. In the 390 kg the weight of propulsion is of 2148kg and the weight of Lander and the Rover combined is 1752 kg.
3)- The Chandrayaan-3 has 3 phases which consist of: Earth-Centric Phase, Lunar-transfer phase & the Moon-centric phase.
A. Earth Centric Phase – This phase is also known as the pre launch phase. It help[s the spacecrafts to change it’s directions.
B. Lunar Transfer Phase – This phase transfers the trajectory phase that helps the space crafts to choose it’s path. This path leads towards the lunar orbit.
C. The Moon Centric Phase – This phase all the steps that are involved in from lunar orbit to it’s landing on the moon.
4)- There are 4 scientific instruments embedded in the Vikram Lander in Chandrayaan 3.
A. Seismometer- Seismometer is an instrument which has been designed to detect the moonquake.
B. Instrument to study about how heat moves through the surface of the lunar.
C. The 3rd instrument is created with an aim to provide plasma environment around the surface of the moon.
D. Retro Reflector- This instrument helps us to understand the gravitational interaction between the moon and the other planet.
5)- The craft will touch the surface of the moon with the horizontal velocity of less than the 5 meter per second, vertical velocity of 2 meter per second. The slope it creates will be less than 120 degrees.
6)- Till today, there are only 3 countries that have landed to the moon before India. These are USSR, USA & China. We should be proud of our country, as we are the 4th country to reach to the moon and the 1st one to reach at the south pole of the moon.
7)- But here’s the great part. India is the 1st country in the world to land on the south pole of the moon. It was a proud moment for all of us and we congratulate our scientist and all the people who are behind this.
8)- GSLV Mark 3 us an heavy lift launch vehicle which has been used to launch the Vikram lander. It is also known as the “Bahubali”. It is 43 meters tall. The spacecraft has been on the journey of 40 days and has done the soft landing on 23 August, 2023 at 6:04 pm. It has been telecasted live on the official YouTube channel of the ISRO, DD National and several other news channel. On the television, it has been telecasted on the DD National and several other news channels also.
9)- This is the 3rd time India has conducted the lunar mission. Back in 2008 India has also conducted a successful moon mission. We have shocked whole world. This mission has told us the presence of water molecules on the surface of the moon.
10)- The Chandrayaan 3 was launched on 14th July, 2023 at 2:35 PM IST. This has been done from the Satish Dhawan Sapce station which is located at the Sriharikota, Andhra Pradesh. As told earlier this spacecraft has been launched by the LVM-3 i.e. Launch Vehicle Mark – 3. This spacecraft carries a lander & a rover.
So these were the 10 amazing facts you should know about Chandrayaan. Our recent achievement has shocked whole world and we are gradually coming on the top of the world. WE should also take our time to congratulate all the scientists and the team ISRO who is behind this mission to land the chandrayaan 3 on the surface of the moon.
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