Wed. Nov 25th, 2020

Top 5 Orchard Farming States in India and Layout

Top 5 Orchard Farming States in India and Layout

In India, various types of farming exist which provide different plants, trees and crops. Orchard farming is one of them. It is known as a fruit garden in India. 

If you want to know more about the orchard farming, this blog is just made for you. Through this blog, you can differentiate between orchard farming and crop farming. Without any delay, let’s start. 

What is Orchard Farming

Orchard farming is a process of planting shrubs and trees. Orchard farming is done for commercial purposes or as family farming. It requires small spaces and small equipment which saves money. Orchard farming requires enough water level and proper rainfall. The orchard farming method depends upon the water irrigation and regular rainfall. The orchard plants are damaged without enough water and proper irrigation. 

The Orchard Farming States in India

In India, many states are suitable for orchard farming. These states produce and supply many orchard fruits across the world. We are showing some major states of orchard farming in India for your convenience. Check out below. 

  • Maharashtra

Maharashtra state is the largest producer of orchard plants, it is known as the state of the orchard. In Maharashtra, Chikkos and Grapes are the major orchard fruit. Nasik, Satara, Beed, and Latur are the cities of Maharashtra that are known for wines like Sula, York, and Zampa. From January to May the state grows orchard fruits. 

  • Manipur 

Manipur is the second very well known state for orchard farming. This state grows and supplies Pineapple, Apples all over the world. These fruits are growing between March to September.   

  • Punjab 

The third state is Punjab that produces and supplies Plums, Mal berries and Jamuns worldwide. These fruits are a favourite of children. These fruits are growing from March to July. The Amritsar city of Punjab is very famous for orchard fruits or orchard farming. 

  • Uttarakhand

Next, the Uttarakhand state in India is doing orchard farming. It is very popular for lychee orchard fruits. It produces and supplies lychee worldwide. From May to June they grow lychee in India. Dehradun and Saharanpur are the cities of Uttarakhand for orchard fruits. 

  • Himachal Pradesh 

Himachal Pradesh is famous for orchard farming. This state produces peach, apricots and apple and supplies worldwide. Himachal Pradesh grows fruits from April to September. Kinnaur, Kotgarh, Rohru, and Sangla are very well known for these fruits. It is very popular in India. 

Difference Between Orchard Farming and Crop Farming

Crop farming in India – India is the second-largest producer of farming products and India rapidly increasing across the world in agriculture production. India highly produces wheat and rice. Crop farming is a source of income and covers the world market. 

Orchard farming in India – India is the second-largest producer of fruits and nuts and supplied across the world. It requires proper water level and rainfall for food production. Maharashtra is very popular for orchard farming. 

Here are some major differences between orchard farming and crop farming. 

Basis Orchard Farming  Crop Farming 
Definition Orchard farming is known for planting shrubs and trees.  Crop farming produces agricultural crops. 
Food Fruits and nuts  Rice, Wheat, Sugarcane, Grains, etc.
Types Clonal, High density, Mixed, etc. Commercial, Intensive, extensive, etc. 
States Maharashtra, Himachal Pradesh, Punjab, Bihar etc.  Assam, Haryana, Rajasthan, etc. 
Maintenance  It needs proper care and high maintenance.  It requires low cost maintenance. 

Mini Tractor for Orchard Farming 

For orchard farming, an orchard tractor is a perfect option. With these tractors, it can accomplish farming efficiently. Mini tractor price is fair and appropriate for the orchard farmers. Some orchard tractor models are

  • Mahindra Yuvraj 215 NXT
  • Sonalika DI 30 Baagban Super
  • John Deere 3028 EN
  • Farmtrac Atom 26
  • Kubota NeoStar B2741

The layout of Orchard Farming 

The layout of Orchard farming means the method of planting in a proper system. There are various layouts and methods of planting. These layout and methods are 

  • Square method
  • Rectangular method
  • Quincunx method
  • Triangular method
  • Hexagonal method
  • Contour or terrace method

These are the major methods and layout of orchard farming. These are all about orchard farming states in India. We hope you enjoy this blog. For more updates, stay tuned with us.