Transformation is the Rule of Time and Agriculture is no Exception
If we look at the agribusiness in independent India in the last 75 years, we can see that a lot has changed. This is a major business for the majority of the people in the country. Even today, more than 60 percent of the people depend on this business for their livelihood. Most of the employment opportunities are contained in this business. The business covers both unemployment and under-employment. The business seems to have embraced the invention of today’s high-tech technology from time immemorial.
Transformation is the rule of time and agriculture is no exception. In agriculture, to date, various stages like Green Revolution, Blue Revolution, White Revolution have taken place. As a result, the food-producing country has come to the forefront as an exporter. At the same time, some challenging questions need to be addressed. The farmer-centric component of agriculture is still a long way from development. Going even further, the fundamental transformation of agricultural sustainability seems to have been neglected. We have fallen short in the scientific use of the resources available to us, and the thought of recharging it has not been given much thought as water is constantly pumping out of the ground. The long-term effects of this are being felt on a large scale in agriculture today. This loneliness in agriculture has come from the ignorance of the farmers, the perception of the planners is due to poverty, the lack of sustainable agricultural policy of the government. The idea of agricultural complacency is the culmination of a political policy of defending the political ballot box without sacrificing one. And it is also a result of the widespread lack of pressure from farmers across the country.
This is noticeable even if we think a little bit about pre-independence and the North without going too far back. During British rule, there were 11 major famines in the country and the people had to face the crisis of hunger. Drought in Bengal, Bihar is a thorn in the side of the common man. When we got independence, the population of the country was limited. Agriculture in India was able to provide enough food grains to the population from the available resources. The further population increased, but the agricultural area did not increase. Growing mouths began to lack enough grain. It was time for the country to import grain from other countries and the first green revolution was called for. Improved seeds, chemical fertilizers, new technologies were brought to the doorsteps of farmers. The new energy was created in the farmers. The Green Revolution was a success in the country in the 1960s. Record production of grains, rice, and wheat was produced in the country. The country became self-sufficient in grain production. Grain production, which was around 5.2 crore tonnes during 1950, reached 26.3 crore tones in 2013. At that time, the reserves of food grains in the country’s grain warehouses went up to 60 million tons. The turnover of hybrid seeds in India is around Rs 20,000 crore. Today, with the exception of pulses and oilseeds, our country produces enough food to feed 1.40 billion people.
Bless the Agribusiness
Many options have come forward as a supplementary occupation to agriculture. Of these, animal husbandry is a pre-existing one. Many changes have taken place in this too. Animal husbandry is not the same as before. It has a lot of business acumen. The nature of the dairy business has changed. This business has seen a white revolution in the last few years. A cow is giving up to 40-45 liters of milk per day. Many by-products are being made from buffalo milk. The dairy business has brought good financial stability to the farmers. Changes in occupations like goat rearing are noteworthy. On the one hand, the price of mutton has skyrocketed, and demand is steadily rising. This business has the power to meet this need. Many budding youngsters are seen coming forward for this. In fact, 16 types of devices can be taken from the mechanization scheme. The congregation, which has worked in the field of information technology, is seen engaging in this business. The experiments of fish farming on floating water are also being carried out from village to village.
New experiments, new shares are being cultivated with hope, are being awakened. This is why good days are coming to the nursery. Hopefully going first to genetic engineering. In areas where there are nurseries, many good experiments are seen taking place in the field. There are huge opportunities for youth in this business. Many people seem to come into this business as the best running business in the agri-business. In many places, rural villages are involved in this business. The business offers opportunities for growing vegetables, orchards, flowers, ornamental plants, as well as sugarcane nurseries, tissue culture, and banana plants. Hundreds of sugarcane nurseries have sprung up due to the large area under sugarcane cultivation. It generates billions of dollars in business. Sugarcane seedlings are being sent not only to our state but also to many parts of Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Karnataka from Kolhapur, Sangli area. Based on a new discipline called genetic engineering, information on the genetic makeup of many living cells is now available through genetic diagrams. It is now possible to change the original characteristics of the species. New varieties of Bt cotton, Bt soybean, and Bt maize have been created by cultivating a gene called Cry1ac from the bacterium Bacillus thuringiensis in cotton, soybean, and maize crops. Concrete decisions need to be made on issues like banning open trials.
The new look of Farmers
The agripreneur will be a planned and accurate agribusiness. He is an expert farmer who uses all the modern technology in the agricultural system. He is also well versed in marketing. He uses remote sensing techniques to take care of pre-harvest crops. Wireless agriculture and accurate diagnostic farming will be within its reach. He is a farmer who uses techniques of yield mapping, wind mapping, water quality, variable fertilizer application, and manages modern diagnostics, food quality. It is the farmer who keeps the pricing policy flexible by categorizing the customers. The modern farmer will be able to use different software to protect agriculture, climate, soil, and crop and manage water properly (rain collection, storage, and its proper distribution). That day is not far away. He will keep a close eye on every change in agriculture. He is, in fact, an innovative farmer. He will be known as a ‘Precision Farmer’ who studies soil health, crop health with the help of ‘robots’ and sensors and records the demand for crops. The fourth revolution in the agricultural system will be that of agricultural technology. He will be an innovative farmer who will create his own identity without following any path he has taken to date. These steps are slowly falling into agriculture.
Agricultural Technology Till 2030
In general, agricultural technology can be classified into several groups. Biotechnology, Mechanics, Irrigation Technology, Pre-harvest, and Post-harvest Technology, GMO, Crispr CAS-9 & 12, Accurate Diagnosis Agricultural Technology, Electronic Agricultural Technology, Remote Sensing Technology, Bio-Sustainable Technology, Nutritious Farming Technology Agricultural technology in the form of intellectual capital is emerging, such as drought shock crop technology, agricultural robot, and drone technology, new technologies of wireless agriculture and synthetic biology.
The fourth revolution in agriculture is taking place with the help of agricultural technology. By 2030, people will be able to see her visibility clearly. ‘Mutation Biology’ and ‘DNA’ or ‘RN. Technology is evolving rapidly. The use of nanotechnology and robots in agriculture could revolutionize. All of them are now out of sight. There is a need to give impetus and encouragement to create innovative farmers who accept it.