Blood sugar, also known as glucose, is an essential component of overall health and wellness. The normal range for blood sugar levels can vary depending on a person’s age, and overall health status. In this article, we will discuss the normal range of blood sugar levels, as well as provide information about fasting blood sugar levels and how they can be used to help diagnose and manage diabetes.
Blood Sugar Normal Level Chart
According to the Blood Sugar Normal Level Chart, blood sugar levels are between 70 and 99 mg/dL (milligrams per deciliter) when taken before a meal, and less than 140 mg/dL two hours after a meal. However, these values can vary depending on factors such as the person’s age, and overall health status.
For example, in adults and children older than 6 years of age, normal blood sugar levels for blood fasting sugar level should be between 70 and 130 mg/dL, and two hours after a meal, they should be less than 180 mg/dL. In newborns and infants, the normal range is slightly higher, with blood sugar levels between 60 and 120 mg/dL before a meal and less than 140 mg/dL two hours after a meal.
These are general guidelines and that individual values can vary. It is always best to consult with a healthcare provider to determine what your normal blood sugar levels should be.
Fasting Blood Sugar Levels
Fasting blood sugar levels are taken after an individual has not had any food or drink for at least 8 hours. The normal range for fasting blood sugar levels is between 70 and 99 mg/dL. A fasting blood sugar level of 100-125 mg/dL is considered prediabetes, while levels above 126 mg/dL are considered diabetes.
Fasting blood sugar levels can be used to help diagnose diabetes and prediabetes, as well as to monitor blood sugar control in individuals who have already been diagnosed with diabetes. Elevated fasting blood sugar levels can be a sign of poor blood sugar control and may indicate the need for adjustments to a person’s diabetes treatment plan.
Managing Blood Sugar Levels
Maintaining normal blood sugar levels is essential for overall health and well-being. Several things can be done to help manage blood sugar levels, including:
- Eating a balanced and healthy diet that is low in sugar and processed foods
- Engaging in regular physical activity
- Managing stress levels
- Monitoring blood sugar levels regularly
- Taking medication as prescribed
Consult with a healthcare provider to determine the best course of action for managing blood sugar levels. This may include adjustments to a person’s diet, physical activity, and medication regimen.
Blood Sugar and Diabetes
Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels. There are two main types of diabetes: Type 1 diabetes and Type 2 diabetes. Type 1 diabetes is an autoimmune disease that occurs when the body’s immune system attacks and destroys the cells in the pancreas that produce insulin. Type 2 diabetes, on the other hand, occurs when the body becomes resistant to insulin or the pancreas does not produce enough insulin.
Both types of diabetes can lead to serious health complications if left untreated, including heart disease, stroke, kidney disease, and nerve damage. Individuals with diabetes will often need to monitor their blood sugar levels regularly to ensure they are within a healthy range, as well as make lifestyle changes, such as exercising and eating a healthy diet, to manage their condition. In some cases, medication may also be needed to help manage blood sugar levels.
Symptoms of High Blood Sugar
Elevated blood sugar levels can cause a wide range of symptoms, including:
- Increased thirst
- Frequent urination
- Blurred vision
- Slow healing of cuts and wounds
- Numbness or tingling in the hands and feet
Factors that Affect Blood Sugar Levels
Several factors can affect blood sugar levels, including diet, physical activity, stress levels, and medications. For example, consuming foods high in sugar and carbohydrates can cause blood sugar levels to spike, while regular physical activity can help to lower blood sugar levels.
Similarly, stress can cause blood sugar levels to rise, while managing stress levels can help to keep them in check. Certain medications, such as corticosteroids, can also affect blood sugar levels, so talk to a healthcare provider to ensure that any medications you are taking are not affecting your blood sugar levels.
In conclusion, understanding and monitoring blood sugar levels are essential for maintaining overall health and well-being. Diabetes is a chronic condition characterized by high blood sugar levels and can lead to serious health complications if left untreated.
Proper management of blood sugar levels including maintaining a healthy diet, engaging in regular physical activity, managing stress levels, and taking medication as prescribed can help you maintain a healthy blood sugar level. Regular monitoring and consulting with a healthcare provider will ensure you keep your blood sugar levels in check.
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