October 7, 2022

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What is Random Number Generator?

What is Random Number Generator?
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Random Number Generator

It is a computer program that generates random results. There are many types of RNGs. Pseudo random number generators are the ones used by casinos. These generators are unique because they do not require any external input (numbers, data). They only need an algorithm and a seed number. Every millisecond, new seed numbers and results are generated. Simply take the last number produced and use a mathematic operation such as addition, subtraction or multiplication to create a new seed number. To create a random outcome.

Mathematic operations are not random, i.e. One+1 will always equal two, so a given input will always produce the same output. RNGs don’t really work randomly. This is also why RNGs can be hacked. Algorithms and their operations can be fixed. There are only so many algorithms known in the world. Someone could know the algorithm(s), seed number(s), and other details that casinos use to cheat them out of millions. An example of such a cheat will be shown to you later.

About Random Number Generator

Did you ever hear someone claim that online gambling was completely legal because all of the games were random? Yeah, well, they’re wrong. These games aren’t random. Now, don’t get us wrong. We are not saying that the casino stacks the deck or the games are unfair. They aren’t – at least not for most. Most people don’t even know much about random number generators (RNGs). They are not wrong, however. It’s a complicated and technical topic. This is not the rabbit hole that most people want to explore. We don’t either, so let us start at the top. Let’s start with the basics. Let’s see what you think. Let’s start. We answer some of the most common questions regarding RNGs. What is a Random Number Generator?

 

How Do Casinos Use RNGs?

These are used to play virtual games. This would seem to be a common practice in online casinos. However, offline casinos also use them for their virtual blackjack, roulette, and keno games as well as for video poker and slot machines. Let’s look at slots as an example. What is an RNG? The basic idea behind an RNG is that they assign a value each symbol on a reel. Let’s assume there are 12 symbols on a reel and that this is a 5-reel machine. Each of the five reels would receive a value from the RNG of 1-12. Five symbols would result. If the five “random” symbols make a winning combination, then you would be paid according to this chart.

 

What steps are taken to ensure that Random Number Generators are fair?

All licensed and regulated casinos have been tested. However, their software is tested. Independent third-party companies do this. Technical Systems Testing (TST) is an example of such a company. It is now owned/operated in part by Gaming Laboratories International. They provide a wide range of consulting and testing services to online and brick-and mortar casinos and gambling businesses. They offer a wide range of testing and consulting services, including:

  • Evaluations of random number generator (RNG).
  • Evaluations of mathematics and game play
  • Reporting and verification of ongoing RNG or game payouts
  • Evaluations of live dealer, sportsbook or betting exchange
  • Evaluations of the pari-mutuel and lottery systems
  • Poker system audits
  • Security audits and penetration testing

The badge and certificate that identifies those who pass are small and can be worn on the back of your shirt. This means that the games they play are fair and not affected by any outside factors like credit usage, potential pay-off size, VIP cards or other variables. The machines must also meet minimum payout percentages set by federal, local and gaming commissions. Some states, such as New Jersey, require that games return 83% of the money they receive. Others, such as Nevada, require that they pay back at least 75%. These rules vary depending on where you are playing. Each machine will remain the same. It would take a lengthy process to make any changes. If a casino in Nevada wanted to make changes to their operations, they would first need to notify the state. They would then need to use state-approved chips that have a paper trail. Inspectors then inspect the machines for compliance. This is done to ensure fair games and maintain that standard.