Mon. May 10th, 2021

What is Structural Analysis and Synthesis?

What is Structural Analysis and Synthesis?
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Structural Analysis and Synthesis

The structural analysis determines the effects of loads on the structure and its components. Structures that are subjected to this type of analysis include those withstand loads such as buildings, bridges, aircraft, and ships. It uses applied mechanics, material science, and applied mathematics to calculate the deformation, internal forces, stresses, support reactions, acceleration, and stability of a structure.

Analytical methods

The structural engineer must determine the structural load, geometry, support conditions, and physical properties to make an accurate analysis. The results of such analysis usually include support reactions, stresses, and displacements. This information is compared to criteria that reflect failure conditions. Advanced structural analysis can investigate dynamic response, stability, and linear behavior. There are three approaches to analysis:

  • The mechanics of the physical approach (also known as the strength of matter).
  • The theory of elasticity (which is a special case for the general field of continuity mechanics).
  • The finite element approach.

The first two simple linear elastic patterns use the most applicable analytical formulations that lead to closed-form solutions and are often solved by hand. The finite element approach is a numerical method for solving differential equations from mechanics theories such as the theory of elasticity and physical force. However, the finite-element method is highly dependent on the processing power of the computer and is more applicable to structures of arbitrary shape and complexity.


As far as the application of structural analysis is concerned, it is widely accepted in the mechanical and aerospace industries. Engineers in these domains often confront with design challenges. Hence, they use this analytical method to design structures that meet functional requirements, sustain operating loads with more durability. It is also effective in cost reduction of the mechanical system, such as fuel consumption. The geometrical principles of these load-bearing structural components are usually complicated because of strength and efficiency requirements.

Structural analysis is a powerful tool for predicting isolation probabilities of material. It is important to assess both the number of sensors and whether the placement is adequate in accordance with the diagnostic specifications.

Although construction information is very coarse, useful insights can be gained by analyzing the structure explained in the Engineering textbook solutions manual. It is also one of the strengths because useful information can be effectively obtained at the beginning of the development process before spending much work to obtain detailed analytical models.

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